During Key Stage 1 pupils investigate their local area and a contrasting area in the United Kingdom or abroad, find out about the environments in both areas and the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the seven continents and five oceans on Earth. They will identify seasonal weather patterns across the UK and identify hot and cold locations in relation to the equator. Also the children will develop their geographical vocabulary and will begin to refer to key physical and human features. They will carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom and use geographical skills and resources such as maps and photographs. They will begin to use and create simple maps with a key and begin to understand simple compass directions.
During Key Stage 2 pupils investigate a variety of people, places and environments within in the United Kingdom and abroad. They will discover geographical similarities and differences whilst comparing two locations (one beyond the UK). They will discover how people affect the environment and how they are affected by it. They will carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom and develop key fieldwork skills. They will ask geographical questions, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps, plans, atlases, aerial photographs and interactive resources. They will use maps to locate countries around the world and create their own maps/plans with detailed keys. They will begin to use and understand key vocabulary in related to position, such as longitude and latitude.